Support the groundwater industry in Alaska
Support the groundwater industry in Alaska written
At an earlier time, people used different techniques to find water for wells and some also managed to succeed with not so impressive results. Some people would seek dowsing or witching techniques to determine the location of a well. Others would follow their own unrealistic ideas too. However, latest technologies have been invented that eliminates the requirement of the above methods and provides vital information to find aquifer locations.
The Support the groundwater industry in Alaska is a team of geophysicists that deploy the latest technologies to find water below the aquifers. They are equipped with scientific devices to track the location of a well. They are able to provide the essential information before well location can be explored.
Advantages of Groundwater Surveys
The geophysicists conduct groundwater surveys of the area to find the exact location for drilling. Advantages of conducting groundwater surveys:
Location: First of all, a seismic wave is propagated through the ground to find water beneath the aquifer or impermeable layers that. If water exists, then it would move slightly and hence, generate signals. These signals are recorded through the equipments and further analyzed.
Drilling depth: Geophysicists conduct the analysis with the help of geological information of the area. The results indicate the actual location to find water for wells and drilling can begin in the said area. Generated reports also help to drill the well to its approved depth. This avoids drilling to an excessive depth.
Yielding estimates: The electro-seismic survey conducted by the Alaska groundwater surveyor also provide with the water yielding estimates in the measurement of gallons per minute. Therefore, people hiring the surveyors can benefit a lot by knowing the approximate estimation. It is helpful to farmers, house owners, builders, well-drilling companies and several others too.
Reasons for hiring Groundwater surveyor
There are not just one, but several prominent reasons to hire the groundwater surveyors. Some of them are highlighted just below:
Effective Technology: They possess the latest generation technologies to find water first before drilling and use science based principles to determine the locations. The technology has been approved and tested bearing positive results in the most cases. Despite this fact, even some people believe other techniques more fruitful.
Save time: Incessant search without any potential method or technique consumes a lot of time. The survey technology used by the geophysicists prevents any wastage of time. The results achieved are rewarding for searching aquifers in lesser time than any other method.
Save money: People would be able to save huge bucks that would have been spent by hiring any person practicing dowsing methods or randomly digging holes where there is no drop of water.
The groundwater surveys are conducted before digging the wells and therefore, there is no requirement to spend unnecessarily.
Save environment: People used to blindly dig up holes at random location only to find well water that is harmful for the environment. Irrelevant digging disturbs the surroundings and also does not provide any substantial result.
Promote research and development of groundwater use.
The simplest water modeling systems treat water molecules as rigid and depend only on non-bonded interactions. Climate changes and altering human pressures on our environment call for us to have foresights about the future sustainability of water resources and thus necessitating the use of water modeling.
Groundwater models are used by hydrogeologists and can be defined as computer models of groundwater flow systems. Groundwater models are utilized to simulate and foretell aquifer conditions. Groundwater modeling research focuses on the development and application of groundwater models to enhance the understanding of hydrological and groundwater processes. Groundwater modeling research also allows future predictions to be made.
Groundwater simulation research is undertaken in collaboration with those research institutes and other universities, industries, environmental regulators, government and non-government organizations who address a broad range of environmental issues including:
– Effects of climate change on groundwater resources
– Impact of CO2 injection and underground storage on water resources
– Changes in groundwater flood and drought occurrence
– Effect of agricultural pollution on water quality
– Quantification of national water resources
– Impacts of groundwater abstraction on rivers
– Development of new public groundwater supplies
– Effectiveness of flood alleviation schemes
– Effectiveness of ground source heating and cooling schemes
– Movement of contaminants through groundwater systems
In addition to several research activities, the geological survey institutes undertake water modeling projects for several commercial clients. Groundwater modeling specialists need to be skilled in both applying existing modeling tools as well as in developing personalized software in order to provide healthy answers to the clients’ questions.
Geological survey institutes develop different kinds of groundwater modeling software tools to simulate groundwater systems at a range of scales. To answer various questions related to environmental change, today’s research is becoming more interdisciplinary. This entails the integration of models of various compartments of the water cycle. To facilitate this, different software tools are implemented to enable different models to interact with each other. New technologies are being used to link various separate models to those of other environmental software developers. This has been used in the past to simulate the processes that have taken place in Oxford during the fluvial-driven groundwater floods during July 2007.
Various other surveys using groundwater models are also used to predict the effects of various hydrological changes such as irrigation developments on the behavior of the aquifer or groundwater abstraction and are often termed as groundwater simulation models. Nowadays, various groundwater models are also used in different water management plans for urban areas.
A ground-water model’s applicability to a real situation depends on the accurateness of the input data and the parameters. As different parameters are reasonably variable in space, expert judgment is required to arrive at representative values. Groundwater models are known to be found in various dimensions – one-dimensional, two-dimensional, three-dimensional and also semi-three-dimensional.
A water simulation’s computational cost increases with the number of interaction sites in a water model. When rigid water modeling systems are used in molecular dynamics, an additional cost crops up – related to keeping the structure constrained by using constraint algorithms.
Groundwater and its importanceGroundwater is found under the surface of earth in the cracks and spaces in the soil. It is basically stored water which is replenished by rainwater.
Ground water is of great significance since it has several uses, some of them include:
-Thermoelectric power generation
-Water supply from Wells
Ground water is of massive importance today because it is a source of clean drinking water for many people who live in rural areas and do not have an access to alternate sources of clean drinking water.
In today’s modern world, groundwater quality and quantity are adversely affected due to massive population, wastage of large quantities of water, uncontrolled irrigation, excessive soil pollution because of the increased use of pesticides and insecticides and water pollution due to accidental oil spills etc. In a nutshell, groundwater is withdrawn at a larger scale than it is replenished. Therefore it is high time that we all come together to save this great resource provided by our very own Mother Earth.
There exist numerous ways by which groundwater can be saved:
– By Reducing the use of Chemicals like Fertilisers,insecticides,pesticides etc.
-By Avoiding wastage of water and use it wisely
-By Properly disposing off toxic wastes etc.
– By using natural alternatives instead of toxic and chemicals used in cleaning products
-By recycling, reusing and reducing
-Getting involved in water education
Individual homes can also play a big role in ground-water protection programs by becoming knowledgeable and aware about proper storage and disposal of materials that could contaminate and infect the ground water. The most recognised and common sources of contaminants that cause problems for ground-water users include neighbourhood dumps, animal wastes, leaking gasoline tanks, and pesticides etc. Besides that,source of contaminants in the ground water of some rural areas is associated with the use of sinkholes as dumping stations, moreover improper storage, maintenance and disposal of waste materials not only threaten the quality of drinking water but also threaten the lives of people who consume it resulting in various water borne diseases like Cholera, Dysentery, Hepatitis A, Lead poisoning which can also be lethal.
Not only the deteriorating groundwater quality and quantity is unfortunate and for us, but also for the future generations. To sum up, if we waste even a drop of water today, it will definitely cost us tomorrow. So stop wasting, because its time to start caring.